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Graduation, Employment and OSAP Loan Default Rates 2007

OSAP Indicators — Explanatory Notes

General

In response to the Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities’ (MTCU) 1998-1999 OSAP policy requirement that institutions make available for students data regarding default rates, graduation rates and graduate placement rates, the University of Toronto is posting the three “OSAP Indicators” below. Graduation and default rates have been calculated by the MTCU using existing data sources while employment rate data was collected through a graduate survey conducted by the Ontario University Application Centre (OUAC).

The data are published in 27 program categories. The following provides additional information regarding three particular categories used:  ”

“Other Arts and Science” — includes students enrolled in all Arts and Science programs except for students in Commerce, Computer Science and the UTM/Sheridan Fine Art/Drama program.

“Other Education” — includes students enrolled in Physical Education, Kinesiology, Recreation and Education programs in non-teaching fields.

“Health Professions” — includes students enrolled in the B.Sc. in Biomedical Communication.

To maintain adequate confidentiality in light of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, information has not been shown in instances where the number of students is four or less.

Employment Rates — University Graduate Survey

To determine employment rates of recent graduates, Ontario universities conducted a survey of all 2004 graduates of undergraduate degree programs. Graduates were asked 11 questions regarding their employment situation six months and two years after graduation. Of the 52,058 graduates who were surveyed, 11,388 or 21.9% responded.

Table 1 indicates the employment rates for 2004 graduates of U of T’s undergraduate programs, by program category, six months and two years after graduation. Table 2 indicates the same employment rates for all universities in Ontario. The overall employment rates for 2004 graduates of U of T’s undergraduate degree programs is 90.3% six months after graduation and 97.1% two years after graduation. These compare to system-level rates of 92.8% six months after graduation and 96.2% two years after graduation. The employment rate is defined as the number of employed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force where the labour force is those persons who were employed, or unemployed but looking for work.

The University of Toronto Careers Centre provides career and employment services exclusively to U of T students, recent graduates, and employers.

Graduation Rates

The MTCU has calculated graduation rates using a single entering cohort of students and determining whether or not they graduated within seven years. The methodology employed involves the selection of all new full-time, Year One undergraduate students on the official Fall 1998 enrolment file, who have a valid (and unique) student ID number, and were seeking either a bachelors or first professional degree. The subset was then matched against the records for students who received a degree (in any program) from the same institution during the period 1999-2005.

Table 1 indicates the graduation rate for all programs at U of T is 79.8% (compared to 75.6% for all programs at all Ontario universities — see Table 2).

Default Rates

The 2006 default rates reflect the repayment status of students (undergraduate and graduate) who were issued Ontario Student Loans in the 2003-2004 academic year and did not receive an Ontario Student Loan in 2004-2005, and who defaulted on their repayment obligations approximately two years after graduation. Student loan recipients/defaulters are, for the purpose of calculating default rates, assigned to the last institution/program they attended in 2003-2004. The status of these loans was assessed as of July 2006 or about two years after entering into repayment.

Table 1 indicates the 2006 default rate for all programs at U of T is 4.5%. This compares to 5.5% for all programs at Ontario universities (see Table 2). As approximately 38% of full-time undergraduate U of T students receive OSAP, the number of graduates who have defaulted on loans represents less than 3% of the student population. It is also important to note when reviewing the data that they may include student loans from more than one program as well as programs from other universities in Ontario and across Canada.

In 1998 U of T, which provides over $115 million in student aid (scholarships, fellowships and bursaries) annually from its operating budget alone, introduced a policy stating that no student should be prevented from entering or completing a program of study due to financial need. The details are given in the Policy on Student Financial Support.

Table 1: Graduation, Employment and OSAP Loan Default Rates: University of Toronto by Program Area December 2007

  Graduation Employment Rate2 Default
Program Rate1 6 months 2 years Rate3
         
Agriculture & Biological Sciences 5 86.2% 93.2% 1.4%
Architecture & Landscape Architecture 5 60.0% 100.0% 3.8%
Business & Commerce 80.0% 92.7% 99.3% 2.4%
Computer Science 75.3% 77.1% 97.0% 1.5%
Dentistry 95.8% 100.0% 100.0% 0.0%
Education 99.6% 97.0% 99.3% 3.4%
Engineering 86.2% 83.5% 98.3% 0.9%
Fine Arts 69.7% 93.3% 100.0% 5.1%
Forestry 5 4 4 10.0%
Health Professions 5 96.2% 96.4% 0.0%
Humanities 5 90.9% 97.0% 8.3%
Kinesiology/Recreation/Physical Education 83.8% 100.0% 93.8% 0.0%
Law 95.3% 100.0% 95.2% 0.0%
Mathematics 5 90.0% 91.3% 4.0%
Medicine 94.9% 100.0% 100.0% 0.9%
Nursing 90.9% 100.0% 100.0% 1.5%
Other Arts & Science 73.8% 87.3% 93.8% 8.4%
Other Education * 5 5 5 5.3%
Pharmacy 95.0% 100.0% 100.0% 0.0%
Physical Sciences 5 94.9% 94.7% 0.0%
Social Sciences 92.1% 88.2% 96.0% 5.3%
Theology 70.7% 5 5 3.3%
Therapy & Rehabilitation 94.7% 4 4 0.0%
         
U of T Average 79.8% 90.3% 97.1% 4.5%

1.Percent of year 1 students in bachelors or first professional degree programs in 1998 who subsequently received a degree between 1999 and 2005 in any program area.

2.Percentage of 2004 graduates of bachelors or first professional degree programs who were employed 6 months and two years after graduation.3.These 2006 default rates reflect the repayment status of students who were issued Ontario Student Loans in the 2003-2004 academic year and completed or exited their studies in 2004-2005. Includes graduate students in these programs.

4.For employment rate, sample size of four or fewer individuals.

5.Data not available / not reported.

6.Number of Ontario Student Loans issued was less than 5.

*School Librarianship, Education Administration, Education Psychology, Guidance and Counselling, Curriculum Specialization, Measurements and Evaluation, Education Foundations, Other Non-Teaching Fields

Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities: Universities’ Key Performance Indicators

Table 2: Graduation, Employment and OSAP Loan Default Rates:  Provincial Averages by Program Area December 2007

  Graduation Employment Rate2 Default
Program Rate1 6 months    2 years Rate3
         
Agriculture & Bio Sci 75.8% 90.7% 95.0% 3.2%
Arch & Landsc Arch 80.1% 86.4% 97.3% 4.7%
Business & Comm 77.0% 94.8% 97.4% 4.3%
Computer Science 67.8% 85.7% 94.7% 6.1%
Dentistry 96.8% 100.0% 100.0% 0.0%
Education 97.3% 95.3% 98.0% 2.7%
Engineering 76.9% 87.0% 95.3% 3.7%
Fine Arts 65.0% 90.5% 96.1% 7.4%
Forestry 65.4% 100.0% 100.0% 4.8%
Health Prof 63.6% 97.8% 96.6% 2.2%
Humanities 68.6% 93.0% 95.2% 8.0%
Kin/Rec/PhysEd 75.0% 95.2% 93.6% 3.4%
Law* 91.8% 95.5% 96.5% 2.6%
Mathematics 73.2% 91.0% 95.4% 5.0%
Medicine 97.8% 100.0% 100.0% 1.2%
Nursing 82.2% 99.2% 99.7% 2.5%
Other Arts & Science 71.4% 90.6% 96.4% 9.6%
Other Education** 100.0% 4 4 6.5%
Pharmacy 95.0% 100.0% 100.0% 0.0%
Physical Science 66.4% 94.1% 96.5% 3.2%
Social Sciences* 68.9% 91.7% 95.2% 7.4%
Theology 73.1% 100.0% 90.0% 6.5%
Therapy & Rehab 93.9% 100.0% 100.0% 0.0%
         
Provincial Average 75.6% 92.8% 96.2% 5.5%5

1. Percent of year 1 students in bachelors or first professional degree programs in 1998 who subsequently received a degree between 1999 and 2005 in any program area.

2. Percentage of 2004 graduates of bachelors or first professional degree programs who were employed 6 months and 2 years after graduation.

3. These 2006 default rates reflect the repayment status of students who were issued Ontario Student Loans in the 2003-2004 academic year and completed or exited their studies in 2004-2005. Includes graduate students in these programs.

4. Data not available / not reported.

5. Total does not include default rate data for students for which program or studies was not reported, not applicable or unmatched by OSAP database and university enrolment file.

* Law included in Social Sciences for Algoma, Carleton, Laurentian and Ryerson, except for the OSAP Default Rate.

** School Librarianship, Education Administration, Education Psychology, Guidance and Counselling, Curriculum Specialization, Measurements and Evaluation, Education Foundations, Other Non-Teaching Fields.

Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities: Universities’ Key Performance Indicators